During the Vietnam War, an extremely toxic herbicide – called Agent Orange – was used by the U.S. Military. Under “Operation Ranch Hand” (1961-1971), more than 20 million gallons of the defoliant was sprayed from airplanes over forests and crops in Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos. Although the actual herbicide is orange in colour, the name Agent Orange originates from the orange stripe that identified the barrels the substance was shipped in. Production of Agent Orange was finally halted in the early seventies after scientists learned of the devastating long-term impact that the dioxin traces were having on exposed individuals. To this day soldiers, civilians and their families continue to suffer the effects of this harmful chemical.